|Man as a Weapon
Weapons have changed over time, but what has generally not changed is thå human who uses the weapons. The Kadochnikov System and thå way it addresses thå human that uses thå weapon is an example of how technology has changed. For example, in looking at combat through thå ideas of thå Kadochnikov System, thå lever is a natural and neutral machine, waiting to be used. All weapons, and thå humans that use those weapons, have levers. As levers are mechanical means of using machines in order to create power and strength; whoever uses levers will have an enhanced ability to create power and use strength.
Hand to hand combat has evolved greatly over time, from the primitive man using stones to the soldiers of today using advanced firearms. Our evolutionary ancestors, the ancients, had no protection or advanced weapons, just spirit and good physical fitness along with types of primitive psychological training. They led hard lives, were physically strong, and lived in violent environments from which they learned to be psychologically strong and accustom to violence and suffering. Primitive man had no religion and as such, had very little fear of death. Death was a part of everyday life, was in thå home and the work field, was an up-close and personal means of securing food, and was glorified in many cultures... as such, primitive man was not afraid to die. Over time, hand to hand combat methods developed in various parts of the world. It is impossible to say the martial arts originated in the East or the West. People are people, and will fight for a variety of reasons. The reasons to fight could be to protect livestock or food supplies from animals or man, or it could be to take the food supply of another tribe. They for fighting could be a simple disagreement that låd to phys³cal combat. As a result, men devised methods of fighting depending upon the nature of their adversaries. These methods became more structured, taught to others, and rehearsed. They were then passed on to the next generation, father to son, community to commun³ty, and martial arts as we know them (and organized method of transferring combative knowledge) were born around the world. The weapons between those who fought were sometimes equal, sometimes one had vastly superior weapons. But in the end, training and the spirit to win, no matter what region of the world a martial art originated, was usually the deciding factor in the victory over an enemy in hand to hand combat.
Russia is an example of evolving martial traditions. Russ³a is 1/6 of the world's landmass. Since Russia is so large, it has vastly different types of environment in one landmass upon which the people who lived needed to fight and survive. The ancients of Russia fought everywhere, moving from area to area to defend borders, and learning methods of fighting through travel to different areas. As they came into contact with other cultures through trade and war, these ancestors of Russia changed their methods of fighting and combative preparation. In that fact, as Russia is so large and so old, it is upon the same level of advancement as the other martial arts of the world. There are many styles that have originated in Russia. Ancient traditions of Russian martial art were passed down over time, and today many of these styles are resurfacing. These arts, such Slavyano-Goretskaya, Skobar, Buza, Gruntovsky style, various forms of rukopashni bî³, and others show the depth of the Russian styles. The fore bearers of these arts existed in old Russia, but with the creation of the Soviet Union, the `old' styles of martial art in Russia were suppressed in favor of the creation of a new style, called Sambo. Upon direction of a government committee, A. A. Kharlampiev, V.S. Oshchepkov, V. A. Spiridonov set out to take Russia's native styles of fighting and wrestling, and combine them with the martial arts of the world (including China, Japan, Mongolia, Europe, Africa, India, North America, the Caucasus, etc.) These men traveled the world studying arts, and fmally combined and assimilated the Russian and foreign arts into Sambo. Each of these men helped with the overall combination of the arts, but each created their own general style of Sambo. Kharlampiev created a generally sportive style meant for mass distribution, which is why the Soviet Union taught its citizen's the `national' style in mass numbers. Oshchepkov's method of Sambo had sport, police, and military subsections within it, and was heavily influenced by Japanese and European arts. Spiridinov, on the other hand, created a form vastly different from the others. Physically Injured in combat, and generally of poor health, V. Spiridinov could not perform many of the tricks that his associates could perform. Spiridinov worked on a more lethal, yet, effortless method of Sambo that became known as SAMOZ, and SAM. This method was formulated to allow a practitioner to use very little energy in a fight, and primarily use the power of his opponent to win by redirecting the power of the opponent. The style also included various vital pressure point strikes, àïä chokes, joint locks, etc. This style, unlike the other styles of Sambo, is rarely seen and taught, but variants and descendants still exist (A. A. Kadochnikov's Style is one of the styles that has ties to Spiridinov's style). When looking at Russia, with its expansive history and landmass, there are multitudes of arts that thrived until suppressed by the Soviet Union, and only today are making a come back. These arts are sometimes very similar to other culture's arts, and sometimes so vastly different that they can only be called distinctly Russian.
But, when one looks at all of the different styles of martial art, regardless of origin, one can identify what is felt to be the best methods from each particular one. There is nothing supernatural about what is termed "best" in these var³ous arts. They all have similar uses, similar tools, and similar methods of employment. But the one thing that is universal through all of these different martial arts is science. The design of the human body is universal as well as the laws of science governing combative interaction between humans. Therefore, science explains all and can help one to understand any martial art.
Man and his use of technology have evolved over time for the specific purpose of combat, be it aggressive or defensive. Even in present times, combative scientific advancements lead the way in nonñombative categories of science. The need to defend oneself from physical harm reigns supreme in the thought process of self-preservation for man. Other worries, be thåó methods of medicine or methods of communication, are secondary when compared to the need to stay alive and protect one's culture, and self against aggressors. One cannot live if one cannot defend himself against those who would destroy him. If one is killed by an aggressor, one cannot go on to use technology to cure disease or create better methods of transportation. Self-preservation, in the most primitive sense, is the goal of each human being. Since sc³ence governs the laws of self-preservat³on and survival, one needs to study the sciences in order to better understand self-preservation on a higher level. Science applies to every environment... from the battlefield of à foreign shore to the bars and alleys of our great cities. Scientific law applies to aïó human who will go into combat, as such, when science is studied one is able to fight in any situation against anó opponent.
In studying thå Kadochnikov System, one studies thå sciences that arå universal to all methods of martial arts and combat. How science is applied in life can ensure survival and fighting for one's life, is survival based on science. As such, the two arå forever intertwined, as thåó rely on each other. One gains from learning, either by being taught or by reading a book on one's own. A medical book is worthless without a doctor to use it for medical purposes and to teach it to others. As such, thå most basic topic that governs human combative interaction, thå topic of science, is dead without students willing to study and apply that knowledge in combat, and teach this knowledge to others.
Each section of the sciences takes a lifetime to study. Anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, physics, mechanics, etc., arå vast subjects one can spend an entire life learning about, and improving their knowledge and the application of that knowledge. So, why would anyone want to study such topics when thåó could simply learn to punch another man in the nose? With proper training, it only takes a short period of time to learn and then use thå basics of science in combat. After this short period of time learning, one is generally a smarter, more capable fighter able to solve complex combative problems that a limited number of techniques would not be able to overcome; situations that hinder chances of survival.